Pneumonia is an infection in which the tiny air sacs in your lungs (alveoli) become inflamed. This can lead to symptoms such as coughing and shortness of breath. Pneumonia can be serious in some groups, including the elderly.
In a study published in BMC, gastrointestinal complications and possible early symptoms were analyzed in more detail.
The study noted, “The development of gastrointestinal (GI) complications is negatively associated with prognosis in critically ill people.
“However, little is known about their impact on the outcome of non-critically ill patients.
In this study, we sought to investigate the incidence of gastrointestinal complications and their influence on the prognosis of hospitalized patients with pneumonia.
The study looked at adult patients diagnosed with pneumonia from 2012 to 2014.
Medical records were reviewed for patient demographics, physical signs, comorbidities, laboratory results, and clinical events.
The study found gastrointestinal complications in the patients, including bowel distension, diarrhea, gastrointestinal bleeding, and ileus.
The study concluded that gastrointestinal complications are not commonly seen in a non-critical care setting; however, they still have a negative impact on the prognosis of patients with pneumonia, including higher mortality and prolonged hospital stay.
Typical symptoms of pneumonia in the elderly may differ from those in other age groups.
According to the NHS, it is vitally important to be aware of the symptoms in order to treat illness before serious illness.
Because symptoms in older people are often more subtle and may differ from normal pneumonia symptoms, the disease may be more difficult to recognize in this population.
Pneumonia can be difficult to diagnose because it shares many symptoms with other conditions, such as asthma.
Complications of pneumonia include respiratory failure, sepsis, and lung abscess.
“If you have long-term lung disease or are caring for someone who has it, it’s a good idea to get your flu shot every year. The flu can be very serious and lead to complications such as pneumonia, ”advises the British Lung Foundation.