Pneumonia symptoms

COVID-19 Pneumonia: Symptoms, Treatment and Recovery

COVID-19 Pneumonia: Symptoms, Treatment and Recovery

Expert opinion by
Dr Akanksha Saxena

18 June 2022, 09:51
3 minute read

COVID-19-induced pneumonia can cause fever, dry cough, and shortness of breath. (Photo credit: Flickr)

The pandemic has wreaked havoc over the past two years with a series of illnesses, deaths and lockdowns. The nightmare isn’t quite over yet.

The coronavirus-related illness has been named novel coronavirus-infected pneumonia (NCIP); the World Health Organization renamed it COVID-19.

COVID-19 can cause severe inflammation in the lungs, damaging tissue.

The damage detaches from the tissues and clogs the lungs, causing breathing problems.

Here’s what our expert says

  • Pneumonia is the most feared complication of a novel coronavirus infection characterized by drops in oxygen saturation.
  • With near-universal COVID-19 vaccine coverage, the severity of the disease has diminished in the population.
  • However, the unvaccinated minority and immunocompromised people still remain at high risk.
  • Increasing vaccination coverage and booster doses to bolster waning immunity will reduce the incidence of this life-threatening complication.

Pneumonia is a lung infection that causes inflammation of the air sacs inside the lungs.

They can fill with fluid and pus and cause breathing difficulties.

You can get pneumonia from viral infections like COVID-19, or even a cold.

About 15% of COVID-19 cases are severe and the patient may need to be treated with oxygen in hospitals.

COVID-19-induced pneumonia can cause fever, dry cough, and shortness of breath.

If the infection causes pneumonia, you will experience rapid heartbeats, dizziness, shortness of breath, and profuse sweating.

COVID-19 pneumonia often occurs in both lungs and can lead to acute respiratory distress syndrome (ARDS) – severe lung failure.

Anyone can get COVID-19 pneumonia, however, people with comorbidities are most at risk.

Once your doctor has diagnosed COVID-19 pneumonia based on symptoms and test results, you should seek treatment immediately.

Depending on the severity of the case, the patient may need treatment in the hospital with oxygen, a ventilator, and intravenous (IV) fluids.

Patients should be prepared to continue treatment and therapy to fully recover.

Adequate nutrition and hydration can help patients avoid further complications.

What is the recovery speed?

Whatever the causes, regaining strength after being sick with pneumonia can take some time, from several weeks to several months.

Each individual’s body functions differently, and recovery depends on their overall health, whether or not there are comorbidities, and the severity of the infection.

Lung injury can lead to difficulty breathing, and it can take months to return to normal.

To prevent the risk of serious infection, get vaccinated.

Wash your hands thoroughly with soap for at least 20 seconds.

Maintain distance from sick people

Try not to touch your face with dirty hands. Nose, mouth and eyes should only be touched after washing your hands or using a sanitizer.

Wear masks like N95s and KN95s in crowds.